Ahmedabad – The Historic City

The city of Ahmedabad had been established long time back and does boast of having an interesting and exciting history. The age old monuments and temples in the city and its surroundings do speak volumes of its rich history, art and culture.

Old Ahmedabad is also known as the walled city and was established in 1411 by the Gujarat Sultanate during the rule of Ahmad Shah I. Back then, it was an important commercial and political centre of the state and remained the Gujarat Sultanate’s capital. Even though, this city presently experiences extreme dilapidation and overcrowding, it still is said to serve as a symbolic heart of the metropolitan Ahmedabad. In July 2017, UNESCO had been described as a World Heritage City. The hotels at Ahmedabad do offer complete relaxation and peace of mind.

Its history

Some of the early settlements were located towards the south of the existing old city. It is on river Sabarmati’s banks. Then it was called Ashapalli or Ashaval. During the 11th century, the Chalukya king, Karna ruled from Anhilwad Patan and made this town his capital. He had named it as Shrinagar (prosperous city) or Karnavati (Karan’s town) and Rajnagar (the king’s town).

Bhadra Fort’s foundation had been laid by Ahmed Shah I, which started from Manek Burj. It is the city’s initial bastion completed in 1413. Also, the city’s first square had been established at Manek Chowk.  It is associated with Maneknath, the legendary Hindu saint. The capital had then been transferred to Muhammadabad between 1484 and 1535 by Mahmud Begada, his grandson. Until this region was captured by the Mughals in 1573, it served as the Sultanate capital.

Bhadra Fort had served between 1572 and 1707 as the Gujarat governor’s seat during the Mughal rule. With several settlements being made both within and around the city, it flourished rapidly. But there is no estimate of the population here back then. However, some population estimate could be found in the works of Ain-i-Akbari, Ferishta and Mirat-i-Ahmadi.

Ain-i-Akbari states there being 360 puras, of which just 84 were noticed to be flourishing! Ferishta stated 360 mahalla in 1600, with each of them being surrounded by a wall. According to a passage mentioned in Mirat-i-Ahmadi, it was quite a populous state with 380 puras and each of them being of considerable quarter and almost a city in itself. 12 city wards have been mentioned in another passage, with others outside. The city also is given detailed account, with 110 suburbs taken names and 19 found to be settled under the Mughal rule.

Mandelslo, the German traveller in 1638 had stated the dependent villages and suburbs of the city were almost 7 leagues round. The city however faced trouble during the power struggle between the Marathas and the Mughals between 1707 and 1753. Several suburbs were found to be depopulated. Trade got affected and city walls were damaged. The Maratha and Mughal rulers divide the revenue generated by the city. Later with the Maratha rule between 1758 and 1817, the revenue got divided between Gaekwad and the Peshwa. Due to tax extraction, the city economy got affected.

The hotels in Ahmedabad Gujarat are well maintained and allow the travellers to enjoy their historical tour of the state.

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